Tuesday, May 22, 2012

Misremembering Chingis Khan

Suuliin uyed Mongoliin talaarh gadnii sudalgaanuud unshdag ajiltay bolood baigaa. Yur ni Mongol hel hetsuugiin deer medeelliin eh survalj homs tul zarim neg gadnii sudlaachid haa hamaaguy zuils yarih ni elbeg yum. Gehdee bas tednii dund mash chanartay sudalgaa hiideg nuhduud ch baina. Yalanguya Caroline Humhprey, David Sneath, Chris Kaplonski, Uradyn Bulag, Alicia Campi, Manduhai Buyandelger zereg sudlaachid Mongoliin talaar chanartay buteeluud togtmol tuurvij baina.

Yutay ch unshsan sudalgaanuud dotroos hamgiin ih setgel hudulgusun ni Kaplonski-giin "The Case of the Disappearing Chingis Khaan" bailaa. Uuniig unshsanii daraa Mongoliin talaarh neleed olon bodluud maani emh tsegtstey boloh shig bolloo. Bolvol zavaaraa unshaad setgegdelee uldeegeerey. Bas Mongoliin talaar bichigdsen uursdiin durtay uur busad sudalgaanii buteeluud baival huvaaltsana uu.
This remembered past, even if different from the documented past, serves not only to tell people who they are, but it also tells them who they were [...] The elision of Chinggis Khaan from the socialist world serves to heighten the contrast between then and now. Forgetting, or misremembering, that Chinggis Khaan was indeed remembered, is an integral part of Mongolian identity formation. There is a necessity for a certain amount of amnesia to create a past that all can look to. As Ernest Renan taught us, part of being a nation (or any other group) is getting our history wrong. And in many contexts, this is just not a matter of forgetting in a negative sense, but misremembering in a more active, positive sense. What I have shown here is how and why this happened in Mongolia, but the theoretical lesson is more broadly applicable. The reinvention of Chinggis Khaan in the present is ultimately the key to understanding the misremembering of how he was portrayed in the socialist period. Chinggis Khaan, when all is said and done, was not “banished to oblivion” because the socialists needed him to be. Rather, he was and is banished from the recalled past because post-socialist Mongolia needs him to be now.
'The case of the disappearing Chinggis Khaan: dismembering the remembering' Ab Imperio, 4/2005: 147-173.

Addendum: Also don't forget to check the works of two talented young social anthropologists, Grégory Delaplace of U-Paris X and Franck Billé of University of Cambridge, who are currently researching the post-socialist identity of Mongolians.

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

chi zarim sudlaachid mongoliin talaar haa hamaagui yum bichsen bna gej bna uuniigee yaj medej bgan jisheen 1990 onii ueiin uil yvdal bailaa ghed chi baga bsan uchir huviin turshlaga gd utgaaraa mdq tegheer uuniig unshij bj l medne getel tuhain chinii unshisan eh survalj uuruu tuhain sudlaachiig haritsuulan dugnej bolohoor naidvartai eh survalj u? ene tal dr yu gh u?

Tuvshin said...

Bi end naad zahiin faktuudiin talaar olon yum yariad yahav. Mongoliin tuhai barag buh sudalgaa deer eh survalj ni boldog Morris Rossabi-giin nom baina. Ehniihee huudsaas avhuulaad l 12 sariin 10-nd MoAX Sukhbaatariin Talbai deer baiguulagdsan geed baahan buudchihsan baigaa. Iimerhuu zuils deer minii ter uyed heden nastay baisan ene ter hamaaguy.

Nuguu talaasaa Mongoliig baga sudlagdsaniig dalimduuldag ch yum uu, haa hamaaguy gargalgaa hiideg nuhduud baina. UPenn-ii Paula Sabloff gej nuhur Mongolchuudiin uls turiin soyoliin talaar ih ineedtey neg paper bichsen baigaa - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02634930220127928 Mani met ni 13-r zuunaas hoish uls turiin soyoliin huvid barag ter chigtee uurchlugdulguy yavsaar baigaad unuutey zolgoson yum baih. Tegeed terniigee huduu hiisen gants poll deeree undesleed batlasan baih jisheetey.

Hamgiin marzan ni daraa daraagiin sudlaachid ed nariin bichsen deer undesledeg bolhoor tashraaraa huuduutay buteeluud garaad baigaa yum. Mongoliin ardchilaliin talaar yarihaaraa yum l bol elituudiin huuhduudiin hiisen huvisgal l gene, Mongoliin ardchilal Chingis Haanaas ulamjilj irsen uls turiin soyoliin ur dun l gene.

Anonymous said...

Rebecca Empson (UCL) zondoo saihan buteel bichej baigaa. Choinomin neg shulgiig bas orchuulaad sudalgaani tailbartai hevluulsen baina lee. Inner Asia-d hevlegdesen.
Morten Alex Pedersen bas neg mundag hun baina. Coppenhagen U.
Katerine Swancunt (Oxford U)
Kaplonski -in 30-aad oni helmegdelin tuhai shine nom ni U of Hawaii-d hevlegdene. Ireh ond garah baih. Mundag buteel bolson baina lee. Bi review g ni hiisen.

best wishes,
manduhai