Thursday, March 31, 2011

Хуваарилаx Зүй Ёс - Distributive Justice

courtesy of Baabar.mn

Mongold udahguy huvisgal hiigdeh yum gene. Enkhbayar MAXH-iin huvisgalt gedeg ugiin chuhliig haruulah geed baigaa yum uu, ali esvel Tunisia-gaas ehelsen domino effect yavagdaad baigaa yum uu sain oilgosonguy. Baabar uuniig “хүчээр хүн ардыг жаргуулах” oroldlogotoy zuirlej "Ленин бидэнтэй амьдарсаар" gej doosh ni hiisen bol Bat-Uul "эрх чөлөөтэй, ардчилсан [...] Монгол Улсыг Каддафи, Мубарак нарын лалын дарангуйлагч дэглэмтэй адилтган үзэж байгаа нь арай хэтэрнэ ээ" gej buhimdjee.

Minii oilgoj baigaagaar manai huvisgalchdiin gol argument ni "баялгийг шудрагаар хуваарилах" gedeg deer buuj baigaa bololtoy. Tegvel shudraga huvaarilalt gej chuham yamar huvaarilaltiig heleh ve? Ene tiim amarhan oilgolt uu? Yun turuund Mongold tsuun heden hun bayajij baigaa ni yalt ch uguy buruu zuil. Uuniig uurchluh ni ch zailshguy. Getel saitar tungaahguygeer shuud shudraga yosnii neriig barij unuu margaashguy "huvisgal" hiichihvel asuudal shiidegdchih uu? Baatarhuyag gej medehguy zuiliinhee talaar medemhiireh ih durtay neg nuhur uuniig ingej tailbarlaj:

Баялгийн шударга хуваари­лалт бол хөдөлмөрөөр боссон хүний хувийн өмчийг булаан ава­хад биш харин луйвар булхайгаар бий болгосон хууль бус капиталыг ард түмэнд чөлөөлж өгснөөр тогтох ба энэ капитал юуны түрүүнд үндэсний шинэ хөрөнгөтнүүдэд шинэ үеийн шударга бизнесмэ­нүүдэд оногдох болно. Хэн ч биз­несмэн болж чадна. Бүгдээрээ өөрт ноогдох бүхнээ буцаан авахын тулд хувьсгалд оролцох ёстой.

Bichij baigaa zuiliinhee talaar saitar bodooguy, unshaaguy humuus iimerhuu zuils bichdeg yum. Yahaaraa chuluulugdsun capital shuud businessman-uudad "onogddog" bilee? Ternees ni tegeed hurtehiin tuld hun bur "биз­несмэн" boloh hereg uu? Ene tegeed shudraga yos (fairness), zui yos (justice) yum uu?

Gehdee Baatarhuyag ni bas haa ochij humuusiig namiruulj chadah hemjeend bicheed baih yum. Harin unuu irgenii hudulguunii O. Magnai gegch nuhur bol huvisgaliig shuud ingej tailbarlaj baina: "big change=revolution." Uilmaar... Tsaashilbal Magnai hudaldaa aj uildveriin tanhimiin Dembereliin asuultad "avah yostoi humuust ni ochih yostoi yum ni ochihiig l shudarga huviarlalt gej oilgoj bna daa" gej hariulj. Bas l yarij bui zuiliinhee tsaad uchriig saitar tungaagaaguy hunii yaria. "Avah yostoy" humuusiig ni yamar shalguuraar todorhoiloh yum be? Oldson munguuruu arhi avaad uuchih ni todorhoi humuust bayalgiig shuud mai geed huvaarilah ni zuv uu? Yu ch hiigeeguy, haa holoos hudlaa medemhiirsen bi "shudraga yosnii" tuluu tsutsaltguy temtsegch Magnaitay adil bayalag hurteh erhtey yu? Nuguuteyguur hun bur zuvhun hudulmurlusniihuu hereer bayalag hurteh ni shudraga yavdal bish gej uu?

Magnai 7 sariin 1-iig alban yosoor ehluulj baina

Zui yosnii (justice) talaarh asuudal bol yuruusuu mash ertnees ulbaatay. End Baatarhuyag, Magnai, Enkhbayar nariin helj baigaa shig tiim amarhan oilgomjtoy hariult baihguy. Hervee sanaj baigaa bol Plato-giin The Republic "justice gej yu ve?" gesen asuudlaar eheldeg. Ali manai erinees umnuh 400 ond bichigdsen nom shuu dee. Plato-goos hoish Aristotle, Locke, Bentham, Mill, Kant, Rawls, Nozick nar ene asuudliig uur uuriin huchtey argument-uudeer bayajuulsaar unuudurtey zolgoson. Odoo ch gesen gants Mongol geltguy haa saiguy ene asuudal yarigdsan heveeree. Naad zahiin jishee gehed Amerikiin eruul mendiin salbariig toirson margaan baina. Hudulmurluuguy murtuu ulsaar eruul mendee hamgaaluulaad suuj baih ni shudraga zuil mun uu? Ali esvel zuvhun mungutey humuus eruul mendiin uilchilgee hurteh ni zui yosnii yavdal uu? Amerikchuud negdsen neg shiideld hureeguy l baina.

Hervee justice-iin talaar mash tsegtstey medlegetey bolyo gevel Michael Sandel-iin "Moral Reasoning 22: Justice" hicheeliig uzehiig (tegeed bolj ugvul syllabus deerh unshih materialuudtay taniltsahiig) sanal bolgoyo. Husvel Sandel-iin ene hicheeliinhee materialiig emhetgesen Justice: What's the Right Thing to Do? nomiig ni unshsan ch bolno (tsag mash ih hemnene). Edgeertey taniltschihsan baihad bayalgiig herhen huvaarilah tal deer battay neg bair suuritay bolohguy ch Magnai, Baatarhuyag metiin nuhduud hudlaa medemhiirch baigaag ter dor ni helj chaddag bolno.

Hervee bur edgeertey taniltsah tsag baihguy bol urjigdar 3 Quarks Daily deer garsan Namit Arora-giin "What Do We Deserve?" bogino essay-g unshij uzeerey:

A pivotal question in market-based societies is ‘What do we deserve?’ In other words, for our learning, natural talents, and labor, what rewards and entitlements are just? How much of what we bring home is fair or unfair, and why? To chase these questions is to be drawn into the thickets of political philosophy and theories of justice. In this short essay, inspired by American political philosopher Michael Sandel’s Justice, I’ve tried to synthesize a few thoughts on the matter by reviewing three major approaches to distributive economic justice: libertarian, meritocratic, and egalitarian, undermining en route the dominant narrative on my own well-being.

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Agree!i had no freaking idea about these keen twitterer politicians.. emabrrasing! how could they say sth like "odoo biye zaschaad untaydaa gudnight everyone!" right after talking some serious "politics"...WTF can't believe they are in charge!

Anonymous said...

Magnaigiin ene bichleg odoo bn uu alga bolson bnleeshtee Youtube-iig uhaad uzeerei