Tuesday, August 21, 2007

Random Thoughts

Yur ni haraad baihad Ireland-iin, yalanguya 20-r zuunii ehen uyeiin Britain-ii esreg temtsej baisan uyeiinh ni tuuh udguugiin Mongol Ulsiinhtay neleed tustey bas surgamjtay met. Irelanduud yurduu hajuu buurunduu tuhain uyedee hamgiin tom ezent gurniig zahirch baisan Britain geh daisantay murtuu hezee ch muchuuguu uguhguy temtselden arsaldsaar udguu huvaagdchihsan bolohoos ulsaa, soyoloo, uv ulamjlalaa hadgalj uldsen bahdam tuuhtey ard tumen. Gehdee ene bol tiim ch hyamd uneer oldson ed bish ee. Olon myangan hunii ami nas (ene talaar "The Wind That Shakes The Barley", "Angela's Ashes" zereg kinonuud uzehiig sanal bolgoyo), heden arvan generation-ii setgel zui, toolj barshguy ih tsag hugatsaa, hurungu mungu geh met asar ih zuilsiig zoliosolsnii etsest odoo tsagtay zolgoson tuuhtey. Gehdee edgeerees hamgiin chuhal ni Irelandchuud XX zuunii ehen uyed oyuniihaa huvid tusgaar togtnoj, uursdiin gesen identity-g olj chadsan yavdal bailaa. James Joyce bol yah argaguy ene ih uil heregt hamgiin tom huvi nemer oruulagchdiin neg ni munuusuu mun. Tuunii "Dubliners" hemeeh bogino uguulleguudiin nom ni Ireland-iin undserheg uzel herees hetersen 1910-aad onii uyed bichigdej chuhamhuu ter l aldagdsan identity, tuuniig herhen uhaaran olj avah geh met chuhal asuudluudiig hunduj neg talaaraa tuuruldsun nationalism-iin "yurundug" ni bolson yum. (Uur bas negen analogy: 19-r zuund ih gurnuudiin togloomiin ur dund Poland oron gazriin zuragnaas burmusun archigdaj bailaa. Chuham ter l uyed Polshiin seheetnuud--yalanguya yaruu nairagchid--uran buteelee tuurvij Polyakuudaa oyun sanaaniih ni huvid darhlaatay bolgon ulsaa dahin tusgaar togtnuulj baisan gaihamshigt tuuhiig sanah heregtey + Romania-giin Mihai Eminescu baina).

Getel 1990 onoos hoish Mongolchuud bid udguu hurtel uursdiinhuu identity-g buren guitsed olj chadaaguy l yavna (magadguy tuuniig ni zuvuur todorhoilj uguh intellectual(uud) baihguy baigaatay holbootoy!). Ene ni terteeh 13-r zuund amidarch baisan baildan daguulagch, nuudelchin geh todotgoltoy Chingis Haan deer tuvluruh uu ali esvel Manjiin uyes Mongold erchimtey nevtersen shariin shashin, za bur baig gehed baruunii soyol irgenshil deer tulguurlah uu gedeg ni udguu hurtel Mongol hun buriin hariulah gej dor burnee oroldoj bui asuult yum. Magadguy ene asuultiin zuv onovchtoy hariultiig oloh ni uuruu Mongol Uls tsaashdaa dayarshliin shuurgand tesch uldej chadah esehiig todorhoiloh tuuhen uil yavdal boloh met.

Gadniihan Mongolchuudiin enehuu uursdiin jinhene identity-giinhee ereld hataj buig gyarhai ajiglasan baidag. Jishee ni Hyatad-iin usun nemegdej bui nuluunii talaar bichdeg zohiolch Jasper Becker uuriin 1992 ond Mongoliin bichsen nomoo "The Lost Country" hemeen nerlesen baidag bol 1960 onii Marco Polo Expedition-d oroltsoj yavsan Timothy Severin nomoo "In Search of Chingis Khan" hemeejee.

Nuguu talaasaa uursdiinhuu identity-g olno gedeg bol tuuhee unen zuvuur ni medeh gedegtey agaar neg asuudal. Hediigeer tuuhiig zuvhun yalagsad bichdeg (manai "Macedonian" andiin heleh durtay ug :P) bolovch on tsag unguruh tusam tuuhiin unen mun ayandaa todron garch irdeg ni bas neg yurtuntsiin jam bilee. Iimd yalanguya Mongoliin tuuhiin sudalgaag shine tuvshind avaachij, ih surguuliin diplom uvurtulsun chadvarguy tuuhchdee asuudliig zuv untsuguus harj chaddag bolovsroltoy tuuhchdeer solih tsag negent boljee.

Ireh sard boloh "Helmegdegsediin Udur" ni Mongold helmegduulelt ehelsenii 70 jiliin oig tunhaglah yum. Uuntey davhtsuulaad terhuu Mongoliin ard tumniig numursun har udruudiig HU namiin zarligdsan tuuhiig gutaasan nomuudaas uur, fresh perspective-eer harsan niitleluud mer ser uzegdeh bolov:

[...] 1930, 1940-өөд онд тэр үеийн До яаманд чекистээр орж ажилласан ахмадууд байгаа бол, ялангуяа "ХТАЗ" (хувьсгалт тэмцлийн ахмад зүтгэлтэн), "Ахмад дайчин" хэмээх алдрыг олон жил хүртэж энгэр дүүрэн одон тэмдэг гялалзуулан яваа бол, эсвэл үр сад нь хоймортоо хүндэтгэлтэй залсан бол түүний нэлээдгүй нь "цус урсгаж" олж авсан гэдгийг ил болгоё.

Бага хаадын үе, Манжийн үе, Богд хаант Монгол улс гээд өмнөх түүхийн бүх үетэй нь 1937 оны "Төрийн террор"-ыг харьцуулсан судалгаа хийж, тоо, чанарын хувьд дэндүү хол давсан бол тэр баримтыг дэлгэе.
Профессор Олхонуд Д.Баярхүү - Төрийн террор

Энэ жил хэлмэгдэлтийн 70 жилийн ойн баяр болж байна. Есдүгээр сарын 10-нд болно. Үнэндээ ийм нэршил ч хэлмэгдүүлэлт юм. Хэлмэгдүүлэх гэдэг нь хэн нэгнийг эндүүрээд юм уу хэтрүүлээд шийтгэчихийг хэлдэг. Гэтэл энэхүү сүүлийн хориод жил тэмдэглэдэг болсон баяр нь ямар ч хэлмэгдүүлэлт биш, цуст аллага юм. Оросууд үүнийг репрессия гэнэ. Ийм төрлийн хувьсгалт аллага анх хийсний хувьд францчууд grand pourge гэж нэрлэх аж. Их хядлага гэсэн үг. Энэхүү хядлагад Монголын насанд хүрсэн бүх эрчүүдийн таван хүн тутмын нэг нь амиа зольсон. Үүнийг Гадаад хэлээр геноцит гэнэ. Энэ нь үр үндсээр нь хүйс тэмтэрнэ гэсэн үг. Хэлмэгдлийн баяраас арай лавшруу юм болсон байгаа биз?
Baabar - Хойд насандаа л уулзаж ярилцахаас...

Magadguy uneniig henees ch ailguygeer heleh bolomjiig olgodog ardchilsan niigemd l bid ungursun ruugee unen zuv nudeer ergen harj chadna baih...

Tuuhee unen zuvuur ni medye, uursdiinhuu jinhene identity-gaa olyoo!


Addendum:

Unuu oroinoos ehleed 3 honogiin tursh udur bur 2 tsagiin urttay setguulch Chirstiane Amanpour-iin (gaihamshigtay setguulch!!!) "God's Warriors" hemeeh nevtruuleg CNN-eer garah gej baina. Enehuu nevtruulgeer 21-r zuund hun turulhtun uursdiinhuu identity-gaa shashnaas herhen haij bui talaar garah aj.
Radical Fundamentalism in Three Flavors

+ Ungursun buten sainii The New York Times Magazine deer garsan Columbia-giin professor Mark Lilla-giin "Politics of God" hemeeh hun turulhtun herhen shashnii nomlol noyorhson 17-r zuun ruugaa butsaj bui talaar bichsen niitlel

Wednesday, August 15, 2007

"somewhere i have never travelled" by e.e. cummings

somewhere i have never travelled, gladly beyond
any experience, your eyes have their silence:
in your most frail gesture are things which enclose me,
or which i cannot touch because they are too near

your slightest look easily will unclose me
though i have closed myself as fingers,
you open always petal by petal myself as Spring opens
(touching skilfully, mysteriously) her first rose

or if your wish be to close me, i and
my life will shut very beautifully, suddenly,
as when the heart of this flower imagines
the snow carefully everywhere descending;

nothing which we are to perceive in this world equals
the power of your intense fragility: whose texture
compels me with the colour of its countries,
rendering death and forever with each breathing

(i do not know what it is about you that closes
and opens; only something in me understands
the voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses)
nobody, not even the rain, has such small hands

This and That

Hashaa on Happiness


The philosopher Isaiah Berlin once said that the trouble with academics and commentators is that they care more about whether ideas are interesting than whether they are true. Politicians live by ideas just as much as professional thinkers do, but they can’t afford the luxury of entertaining ideas that are merely interesting. They have to work with the small number of ideas that happen to be true and the even smaller number that happen to be applicable to real life. In academic life, false ideas are merely false and useless ones can be fun to play with. In political life, false ideas can ruin the lives of millions and useless ones can waste precious resources. An intellectual’s responsibility for his ideas is to follow their consequences wherever they may lead. A politician’s responsibility is to master those consequences and prevent them from doing harm.
Getting Iraq Wrong


E.T. (Enkhtaivan?) on Western Journalism - darn good post!


Generation after generation, the rich had more surviving children than the poor, his research showed. That meant there must have been constant downward social mobility as the poor failed to reproduce themselves and the progeny of the rich took over their occupations. “The modern population of the English is largely descended from the economic upper classes of the Middle Ages,” he concluded.

As the progeny of the rich pervaded all levels of society, Dr. Clark considered, the behaviors that made for wealth could have spread with them. He has documented that several aspects of what might now be called middle-class values changed significantly from the days of hunter gatherer societies to 1800. Work hours increased, literacy and numeracy rose, and the level of interpersonal violence dropped. [...]

Around 1790, a steady upward trend in production efficiency first emerges in the English economy. It was this significant acceleration in the rate of productivity growth that at last made possible England’s escape from the Malthusian trap and the emergence of the Industrial Revolution
"In Dusty Archives, A Theory of Affluence" - revolutionary argument indeed!
My post on "A Farewell to Alms" (posted this winter)


EnglishRussia - quite nostalgic blog, by the way.


Rebecca, Atlanta: Great article! Just wanted to point out that I think all presidential candidates are inherently narcissistic, to a certain extent. Someone announces to the world that he believes himself to be the best person to lead an entire nation — that rather implies an excessive regard for his own talents or achievements, does it not? I realize, of course, that you were referring to the inherent lack of empathy evidenced by both Romney and Giuliani however, I thought it worth mentioning that all the candidates meet at least half the definition of narcissistic! Deluded self-confidence is a frightening but necessary quality of the political personality. It's when that same arrogance is accompanied by a lack of empathy that otherwise innocuous narcissistic tendencies become full-fledged personality disorders!

Again, loved the article — love all your articles, for that matter! Keep up the good work.

Paul Krugman: The Mayo Clinic definition of narcissistic personality disorder says: "Individuals with this disorder lack empathy for other people but need constant admiration from them." That's what I'm getting at, without suggesting that these guys are literally crazy.
Krugman's straightforward answer (:P) for his recent Op-Ed Column - "It's All About Them"

Sunday, August 12, 2007

Billionaires Who Admire Chingis Haan

Bancroft family-tay udtal zuvshiltsunii etsest Rupert Murdoch sayhan sanasandaa hurch editorial board-iin independence-iig buren duuren hangana gesen am uchigteygeer The Wall Street Journal-iig uuriin bolgov. Ene ni ch neg talaaraa unshigch bolon soningiin hoorond on udaan jil togtson itgeltseliig hadgalj WSJ-iin borluulaltad nuluuluhguy gedeg utgaaraa Murdoch-d ashigtay bolj taarah yum.

Yutay ch sonin garchiglah durtay humuust handaj helehed hervee bolomj oldvol Saturday bur hevlegddeg The Wall Street Journal Weekend Edition-g unshij baigaaray. Tuhain doloo honogiin weekday-uudeer zavguy, soningoo buren duuren unshij amjaaguy tohioldold ene edition-oos yurunhii toim-iig ni unshij boloh buguud minii huvid Page One-d nitlegddeg uls tur, ediin zasgiin tomoohon leader-uudtey hiisen yariltslaga buhii niitleliig ni husen huleedeg yum.

Ungurugch hoyor doloo honogiin dugaaruudiin enehuu buland ni udguu hurunguuruu delhiid tolgoi tsohij bui Mexico-giin Carlos Slim bolon Hyatadiin (Taiwan-ii) Terry Gou nariin talaarh niitlel daraalan hevlegdsen bailaa. Sonirholtoy ni enehuu hoyor avragad hoyuland ni negen adil tal baiv. Ter ni Chingis Haan-ii dain tulaanii tactic-iig uursdiin business-dee heregjuuleh yavdal:

Admirers say the hard-charging Mr. Slim, an insomniac who stays up late reading history and has a fondness for reading about Ghengis Khan and his deceptive military strategies, embodies Mexico's potential to become a Latin tiger.
The Secrets of the World's Richest Man

The founder's personality permeates the site and company. A charismatic man who inspires intense loyalty among his lieutenants, Mr. Gou runs Hon Hai with the power of a warlord. On his right wrist he wears a beaded bracelet he got from a temple dedicated to Genghis Khan, the 13th-century Mongolian conqueror whom he calls a personal hero.
The Forbidden City of Terry Gou

"Applying Chingis Khan's Military Strategy to Your Business" gedeg nom bichih hamtragch haij baina :P

On Coffee

Neleed deehne Asuult.net deer coffee-nii talaar bagsh bid hoyoriin hoorond urnusun yaria:


Coffee-g ali ert manai erinii 9 dugeer zuunii uyed hereglej baisan barimt bii. Yurunhiiduu bol zuvhun matar ba melhiin zamiin hoorond urgana (Guatemala, Colombia, Ethiopia, Antigua, Sumatra, Kenya geh met ornuud). Uuruur helbel coffee urgadag region-g undsend 3 huvaaj boloh yum.

1. Tuv ba Umnud Amerik
2. Tuv Afrik ba Arab
3. Enetheg ba Zuun umnud Azi

Hediigeer coffee ni hun turulhtnii caffein-ii heregtseenii hamgiin tom eh uusver ni boldog hedii ch (oiroltsoogoor 250 ml coffee-nd 140 mg orchim caffeine aguulagdana) zuv proportiontoy coffee-nii 98% ni us baidag.

Gehdee bas end uchir bii. Suuliin uyed baruuniihnii caffein-ii hereglee ni het ihdeed (chocolate, coca-cola geh met ni bugd caffeine aguulna) decaf buyu decaffeinated gedeg coffee uuh bolson. Uuh bolson ch gej baahan himiin bodis tsatsaad negen shine turliin coffee-nii sort bii bolgochihson hereg. Ter ni caffeinguygeesee gadna engiin coffee beanteygee haritsuulahad huurai (engiin bean ni toslogduu), arai uur amttay baidag. Yur ni ali boloh decaf coffee-noos zailshiij baih ni zugeer.

Coffee-nii talaar uur negen chuhal zuil bol espresso hemeeh coffee-nii negen turul yum. Hiih arga ni gevel coffee-nii bean-iig nuntaglaad mash haluun usaar shahna. Tuunii ur dund ni mash huchtey espresso shot hemeeh negen turliin utgun coffee bii bolno. Suuliin uyed dotroo bas regular and decaf gej hoyor huvaagdah bolson.

Za tegeed coffee-nii turluud geh yum bol uls ulsaasaa shaltgaalah ni bitgii hel Italy metiin gazruudad bol hot hotoosoo shaltgaalaad heden myangan yanz. Gehdee yurunhiid bagtslaad hedhen tomiig ni avaad uzvel:

1. Cafe Latte - Latte gedeg ni Italiar suu gesen ug. Uuruur helbel espresso shot-iig suutey holino. Deer ni yanzan buriin syrup nemj bolno. Hamgiin popular ni "vanilla".

2. Cafe Mocha - Cocoa (yagaav unuu chocolat hiideg) espresso suu gurviig holison coffee. Neleed chiherleg. Haluun chocolattay tustey, gehdee arai iluu caffeintay yum uu daa

3. Cafe au Lait aka Cafe Misto - Coffee suu hoyoriig holij hiine. Za daa orond ni cream hiichihvel barav.

4. Caffe Macchiato - Cafe Latte-tey ih tustey. Gehdee espresso shot-iig ni huuruulsen suugee (deeree hoostey) ayagandaa hiisniihee daraa hiidgeeree uur. Macchiato gedeg ni italias mahchihlbal "temdeglegdsen" gej orchuulagdah yum uu daa. Uuruur helbel espresso shot-iig hiih uyed deed tald ni uusdeg hoosiig suun deeree hiih uyed ni ter ni suun deer ni ulddegeeree yalgaatay. Uuhad bol baragtay l yalgaa baihguy. Yahav leisure class-iihan yambalagtaj baigaa tsarai ni ter yum uu daa

5. Cappuccino - Hiih zarchim ni Cafe Latte-tey yag adil. Gehdee Cappuccino-d zuvhun huuruulsen suunii hoosiig ni hiideg. Ter utgaaraa arai huchtey boldog.

6. Cafe Americano - Za daa ed nar dotroo barag hamgiin huchtey undaa ni baih. Espresso shot-iig shuud haluun ustay hamt nairuulj uuna. Amerik metiin udurjin shunujin m*dr*l yum shig ajilladag ornii nuhduudiin gants hani ni

7. Espresso shot - za tegeed bur nud neegdehguy, tarhi ajillahguy tugshuuriin dohio hanginasan uyed enehuu umdaaniig tamshaalna daa, keke. Dan gants espresso shot bolhoor asar huchtey. Gehdee hamaaguy uugaad baihaar suuldee uilchilhee bolidog yum bilee. Neg dor 6 shotiig hunturchihdug nuhurtey hurtel taarch baiv

P.S: Gesnees Pan Tadeusz (Andrzej Wajda-giin kino) deer neg polyak France-iin coffee-g amssanaa "Hnnn, Polshoos uur saihan coffee hiideg uls uur haa ch alga" gej avsan yum dag. Wajda-giin hetruulel baisan uu, ali esvel unengeesee yarisan uu sain medehguy yum...

кофений талаар сайхан бичиж өөрийн хачир америк туршлагаасаа нэмэрлэснээс биш гэгэгэ

Польш коффее бол яах аргагүй Турктэй төстэй нэг ёсондоо нунтагласан грэйнтэй нь сервэлдэг гэгэгэ тэгээд таглахаар доороо тунардаг гэх үү дээ би л лав таашааж уугагүйдэг нулимсаар байгаад таарсан. Магад манайхан сүүтэй цайгаа шаартай жажлаад уугад сайхан гэдэг шиг л сайхан байдаг байлгүй дээ. Эспрессо шот 4-ийг уусны дараа үс хуйхнаас хөндийрч байгаа мэт мэдрэмж төрдөг шт гэгэгэ.

Ер нь бол тийм их орчоогүй бол 3 цагаас хойш кофе уухыг татгалз учир нь түүнээс хойш уусан кофе яг шөнө дундад үйлчилж эхэлнэ. гэгэгэ

Сониноос манай ангийн элэна гэдэг охин намайг тэр Турк кофегоор мэргэлээд хэлсэн бүх таамаг үгнүүд нь одоо яг хэрэгжээд байгаа шт аймаар наасан!!!

Tuesday, August 07, 2007

The Wind That Shakes The Barley



I sat within the valley green, I sat me with my true love
My sad heart strove the two between, the old love and the new love
The old for her, the new that made me think on Ireland dearly
While soft the wind blew down the glen and shook the golden barley

'Twas hard the woeful words to frame to break the ties that bound us
But harder still to bear the shame of foreign chains around us
And so I said, "The mountain glen I'll seek at morning early
And join the bold united men," while soft winds shake the barley

While sad I kissed away her tears, my fond arms round her flinging
A yeoman's shot burst on our ears from out the wildwood ringing
A bullet pierced my true love's side in life's young spring so early
And on my breast in blood she died while soft winds shook the barley

I bore her to some mountain stream, and many's the summer blossom
I placed with branches soft and green about her gore-stained bosom
I wept and kissed her clay-cold corpse then rushed o'er vale and valley
My vengeance on the foe to wreak while soft wind shook the barley

But blood for blood without remorse I've taken at Oulart Hollow
And laid my true love's clay cold corpse where I full soon may follow
As round her grave I wander drear, noon, night and morning early
With breaking heart when e'er I hear the wind that shakes the barley.

Saturday, August 04, 2007

Solzhenitsyn's Interview

Ungursun jil Solzhenitsyn-ii "Odin Deni iz Jizhny Ivana Denisovicha"-g unshaad neg hesegtee l tuund avtaj bilee. Udguu 90 nas duhuj yavaa Nobel laureate sayhan unuu manaihnii talaar hudlaa yum bicheed baidag Spiegel setguuld (medehguy, manai yurunhiilugch l tegj helsen shd :P) yariltslaga ugch. Negentee Gulag-t amidaaraa hataagdaj yavsan terbeer sonirholtoy ni udguugiin Orosiin udirdlagiig iheer magtsan baih yum. (By the way, baruun Europe-d "Gulag Archipelago" hevlegdseneer zuunii het radical uzel or murguy muhsun gedeg yum bilee).

SPIEGEL: How do you assess the period of Putin's governance in comparison with his predecessors Yeltsin and Gorbachev?

Solzhenitsyn: Gorbachev's administration was amazingly politically naïve, inexperienced and irresponsible towards the country. It was not governance but a thoughtless renunciation of power. The admiration of the West in return only strengthened his conviction that his approach was right. But let us be clear that it was Gorbachev, and not Yeltsin, as is now widely being claimed, who first gave freedom of speech and movement to the citizens of our country.

Yeltsin's period was characterized by a no less irresponsible attitude to people's lives, but in other ways. In his haste to have private rather than state ownership as quickly as possible, Yeltsin started a mass, multi-billion-dollar fire sale of the national patrimony. Wanting to gain the support of regional leaders, Yeltsin called directly for separatism and passed laws that encouraged and empowered the collapse of the Russian state. This, of course, deprived Russia of its historical role for which it had worked so hard, and lowered its standing in the international community. All this met with even more hearty Western applause.

Putin inherited a ransacked and bewildered country, with a poor and demoralized people. And he started to do what was possible -- a slow and gradual restoration. These efforts were not noticed, nor appreciated, immediately. In any case, one is hard pressed to find examples in history when steps by one country to restore its strength were met favorably by other governments.
Perhaps should we anticipate Putinesque leadership in Mongolia? Meanwhile Howard Zinn writes something else:

[...] we cannot depend on established authority to keep us out of war and to create economic justice, but rather that solving these problems depends on us, the citizenry, and on the great social movements we have created.
Anyway, in the end of the interview Alexander Isayevich declared that he's not afraid of death, and ready to confront it:

SPIEGEL: Are you afraid of death?

Solzhenitsyn: No, I am not afraid of death any more. When I was young the early death of my father cast a shadow over me — he died at the age of 27 — and I was afraid to die before all my literary plans came true. But between 30 and 40 years of age my attitude to death became quite calm and balanced. I feel it is a natural, but no means the final, milestone of one’s existence.

SPIEGEL: Anyhow, we wish you many years of creative life.

Solzhenitsyn: No, no. Don’t. It’s enough.

Addendum: Alexander Solzhenitsyn's Autobiography on Nobel Website